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Refractive Errors

Unfortunately, not all of us are blessed with perfect vision. Myopia, more commonly known as nearsightedness, occurs when images at near are generally clearer than images at a distance. The causes are many, but it generally occurs due to an elongated eyeball or a steep cornea.

People with hyperopia, or farsightedness, have a more difficult time seeing at near than at distance. As people age, this becomes somewhat of a misnomer since these individuals have difficulty seeing at distance and at near. It is usually caused by either a short eye or a flat cornea.

Hyperopia should not be confused with presbyopia. After age 40, the crystalline lens becomes less pliable and focusing ability begins to decrease. As a result, reading glasses may be needed to see up close. Alternatively, multifocal contact lenses or monovision contact lenses are both viable solutions to solve this problem while remaining glasses-free.

At Orlando Eye Institute, we take contact lens fitting exams very seriously and take a different approach from our peers. Not every contact lens is the same — they vary in the diameter, the curvature, as well as the material. What may be an excellent option for one patient, may not be for another. Chronic use of a poorly-fitting contact lens, poor contact lens hygiene, dry eyes, or sleeping in your contact lenses can increase ocular irritation and make contact lenses an altogether unpleasant experience.

For many others, contact lenses simply isn’t an option or they wish to be as free of glasses as possible. Refractive surgery can be an excellent option for treating myopia, hyperopia and presbyopia if you are a good candidate!



Our Comprehensive Ophthalmology Services