Our eyelids may begin to droop or become puffy due to age or certain hereditary conditions, which can cause us to look older and tired. Eyelid surgery, also called blepharoplasty, can help to restore a youthful appearance. Eyelid surgery may also help to improve peripheral vision that has been affected by the hooding of the eyelids. If eyelid surgery helps to correct this type of vision impairment, the surgery may be covered by medical insurance.
Cosmetic Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty
Cosmetic upper eyelid blepharoplasty may help you to look younger and more refreshed, which can boost your self confidence. Cosmetic upper eyelid surgery can be performed on anyone that has excess skin and fat in the upper eyelids that is not causing significant hooding and compromising the field of vision.
During eyelid surgery, the skin and muscle that has begun to lose elasticity and droop is re-contoured. Fat deposits that have begin to push forward as a result of the weakened muscle are pushed back towards the brow or removed, lifting the brow and further reducing the appearance of sagging upper eyelids. The surgery is performed through incisions that are made carefully along the creases of the upper eyelids so that scarring from the surgery is as inconspicuous as possible.
Functional Upper Lid Blepharoplasty
When the hooding of the eyelids is severe, you may start to use forehead and brow muscles to move the skin of the eyelids in order to see. This can increase the signs of aging in the face and peripheral vision may worsen as the sagging of the skin increases. Functional upper eyelid blepharoplasty can help to correct these issues for a long period of time, generally at least five to seven years.
To determine whether upper eyelid surgery is needed to restore peripheral vision (and is therefore potentially eligible to be covered by insurance), a test is sometime performed. During the test, the peripheral vision is checked once without aid and once with a strip of adhesive holding the excess skin up to determine whether there is a change in vision.
Cosmetic Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
The way your lower eyelids look can dramatically affect your facial appearance. Lower eyelid blepharoplasty may help to reduce puffiness under the eyes. Lower blepharoplasty may be performed through an incision on the inside or the outside of the lower eyelid, depending on specific needs.
If skin will need to be removed, an incision is usually made on the outside of the lower eyelid, and fat, skin, and muscle are removed. If only fat needs to be removed, the surgery is generally performed through an incision on the inside of the eyelid. Lower eyelid blepharoplasty usually only needs to be performed once for a youthful appearance that will last for years.